The word Yoga derives from the Sanskrit root «Yug» which means to unite, tie together, subjugate, direct and concentrate the attention. It also means union in perfect balance of all the components of our being: body, mind, spirit.
In an ancient Vedic text yoga is described as follows: “When the senses have calmed down, when the mind rests, when the intellect does not hesitate, then, says the wise, the highest stage is reached. This constant control of the senses and the mind has been called Yoga. Those who achieve this control are free from disappointment “.
Yoga is not a technique, it is not limited to the execution of positions or breathing exercises but, through them, acts on a deeper level whose goal is the union between the body and the mind, between the individual and the universal consciousness.
The benefits that derive from Yoga are only partly physical, since a constant practice strengthens our muscular and bone structure, but above all of a mental nature as a constant practice increases self-awareness and a sense of calm and general well-being as shown by many studies that promote this discipline not only in private life, but also in the workplace or in recovery programs.
Yoga is a journey towards spirituality and the achievement of inner peace and happiness, so much so that Patanjali in his “Yoga Sutra”, one of the most important texts of classical Yoga, organizes this path in eight stages or eight branches:
Yama (universal ethical and moral principles)
Niyama (personal guidelines)
Pranayama (breath control)
Pratyahara (retraction of the senses)
Samadhi (state of grace, contemplation)